2020 Nobel Prize Winner in Science (Physics) Announced by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, founded in 1739, is an independent organization whose overall objective is to promote the sciences and strengthen their influence in society. The Academy takes special responsibility for the natural sciences and mathematics, but endeavors to promote the exchange of ideas between various disciplines.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on 6th October, 2020 has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2020 with one half to Roger Penrose (born 1931 in Colchester, UK. Ph.D. 1957) from University of Cambridge, UK. Professor at University of Oxford, UK “for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity” and the other half jointly to Reinhard Genzel (born 1952 in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany. Ph.D. 1978) from University of Bonn, Germany and Andrea Ghez (born 1965 in City of New York, USA. Ph.D. 1992) from California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA “for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the Centre of our galaxy”
Black Holes and the Milky Way’s Darkest Secret
The three Laureates share the current year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for their revelations around one of the most bizarre aces known to mankind, the black hole. Roger Penrose utilized quick numerical techniques in his verification that black holes are an immediate outcome of Albert Einstein’s overall hypothesis of relativity. Einstein didn’t himself accept that black holes truly exist, these super-heavyweight beasts that catch all that enters them. Nothing can get away, not light.
In January 1965, ten years after Einstein’s demise, Roger Penrose demonstrated that black holes truly can shape and depicted them in detail; at their heart, black holes conceal a uniqueness wherein all the known laws of nature stop. His progressive article is still viewed as the most significant commitment to the overall hypothesis of relativity since Einstein.
Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez each lead a gathering of stargazers that, since the mid-1990s, has zeroed in on a district called Sagittarius A* at the Center of our galaxy. The circles of the most brilliant stars nearest to the center of the Milky Way have been planned with expanding exactness.
The estimations of these two gatherings concur, with both finding an incredibly weighty, undetectable article that pulls on the tangle of stars, making them surge around at bewildering speeds.
Using the world’s biggest telescopes, Genzel and Ghez created strategies to see through the colossal billows of interstellar gas and residue to the focal point of the Milky Way. Extending the constraints of innovation, they refined new methods to make up for bends brought about by the Earth’s climate, building interesting instruments and conceding to long haul research. Their spearheading work has given us the most persuading proof yet of a supermassive black hole at the focal point of the Milky Way.
The disclosures of the current year’s Laureates have kicked off something new in the investigation of minimized and supermassive articles. However, these extraordinary items actually offer numerous conversation starters that ask for answers and rouse future exploration. Questions about their internal structure, yet additionally inquiries regarding how to test our hypothesis of gravity under the extraordinary conditions in the quick region of a black hole.
The concept of the ‘black hole’ has found new meaning in many forms of cultural expression but, for physicists, black holes are the natural end point of the evolution of giant stars.