The prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to three outstanding professors, Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, and Giorgio Parisi from Princeton University, USA, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, and the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, respectively. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences recognized Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann “for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming” and Giorgio Parisi “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.”
Professor Syukuro Manabe is a renowned meteorologist and climatologist. He was the first scholar that utilized computers to address global climate change and natural climate variations issues. Manabe long list of honors and awards include the Blue Planet Prize of the Asahi Glass Foundation (1992), the Asahi Prize from Asahi News-Cultural Foundation (1995), Volvo Environmental Prize from the Volvo Foundation (1997), Benjamin Franklin Medal of Franklin Institute (2015) and co-winner of BBVA Foundation Frontier of Knowledge Award for the achievement, among others.
Klaus Hasselmann is a leading German oceanographer and climate modeller who is widely known for introducing a Hasselmann model of climate variability. Hasselmann is a member of several organizations, including the Royal Swedish Academy of Science, European Geosciences Union, European Academy of Science and Arts, Royal Meteorological Society, American Geophysical Union, Deutsche Meteorologische Gesellschaft, and Gesellschaft für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik.
His recent awards include BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award, Achievement Award, International Meetings in Statistical Climatology, Beijing, Gold medal of the University of Alcala, Spain, Vilhelm Bjerknes Medal of the European Geophysical Society, and Dr. honoris causa, University of East Anglia.
Giorgio Parisi is a theoretical physicist who has gained recognition for his QCD evolution equations for Parton densities. Parisi also has a long list of awards which include Clarivate Citation Laureate (2021), Wolf Prize (2021), Pomeranchuk Prize (2018), Lars Onsager Prize (2016), High Energy and Particle Physics Prize – EPS HEPP Prize (2015), etc.